This volume contains extended papers from Sensor-KDD 2008, the Second - ternational Workshop on Knowledge Discovery from Sensor Data. The second Sensor-KDDworkshopwasheldinLasVegasonAugust24,2008,inconjunction with the 14th ACM SIGKDD InternationalConference on KnowledgeDiscovery and Data Mining. Wide-area sensor infrastructures, remote sensors, and wireless sensor n- works, RFIDs, yield massive volumes of disparate, dynamic, and geographically distributeddata.Assuchsensorsarebecomingubiquitous,asetofbroadrequi- ments is beginning to emerge across high-priority applications including dis- ter preparedness and management, adaptability to climate change, national or homelandsecurity,andthe managementofcriticalinfrastructures.Therawdata from sensors need to be e?ciently managed and transformed to usable infor- tion through data fusion, which in turn must be converted to predictive insights via knowledge discovery, ultimately facilitating automated or human-induced tactical decisions or strategic policy based on decision sciences and decision s- port systems. The expected ubiquity of sensors in the near future, combined with the cr- ical roles they are expected to play in high-priority application solutions, points to an era of unprecedented growth and opportunities. The main motivation for the Sensor-KDD series of workshops stems from the increasing need for a forum to exchange ideas and recent research results, and to facilitate coll- oration and dialog between acad
emia, government, and industrial stakeho- ers. This is clearly re?ected in the successful organization of the ?rst workshop (http://www.ornl.gov/sci/knowledgediscovery/SensorKDD-2007/)alongwiththe ACMKDD-2007conference,whichwasattendedbymorethanseventyregistered participants, and resulted in an edited book (CRC Press, ISBN-9781420082326, 2008), and a special issue in the Intelligent Data Analysis journal (Volume 13, Number 3, 2009).